Design an experience to enable users to visualize time spent in meetings and nudge them with healthy tips to reduce Zoom Fatigue.

1. Overview


Online video and audio conferencing platform.


3 weeks (November 5th – 25th)

Research + Ideation
Prototyping + Testing

We read six (6) articles on the causes of fatigue and what energized users during virtual meetings.

  • Examples causes of fatigue
    • People talking over each other and background noise
    • Only two people talking for the majority of the meeting
    • Poor connection/delay in audio leads to mistrust
    • Lack of social cues of when it’s someone’s turn to speak.
    • Impossible to maintain eye contact
    • Users worry about their appearance
  • Examples causes of increased energy
    • Walkaround if the meeting can be audio-only
    • User can be casual and in a comfortable setting
    • Ability to disconnect/leave when you need to
    • Mutual gaze/eye contact
    • Schedule downtime between meetings
    • Face to face meetings
2.1 Survey

We sent out 10 question survey to understand user habits and meeting frequency.

What we learned
  • Most documents are shared during the meeting are presentations (e.g., PowerPoint)
  • Users use the join by phone/audio only feature
  • Meetings agendas are sometimes shared before the meeting
  • Users often have back to back virtual meetings
  • Avg. meeting times are between 30 mins and 1 hour
  • The majority of users spend more than 10+ hours on virtual meetings.
2.2 Competitor analysis

To understand the various platforms users schedule, set up, and join virtual meetings, we explored Zoom, BlueJeans, and Macro’s current interface design.

2.3 Affinity Mapping

We used affinity mapping to discover and organize patterns from our research.

We organized anecdotes into pain points, benefits, tools used, and increased or decreased energy. We took all the pain points and refined them into categories defined by root cause (e.g.,  technology enables, limitations, human needs, and human errors.)

3. Plan and define

3.1 Problem statement

Meeting attendees struggle to maintain energy and focus as the number of virtual meetings increases during a week. Our solution should provide a meeting structure while minimizing distractions to increase the attendee’s energy levels.

3.2 Brainstorm solutions

We focused on the last level of affinity mapping to think of solutions to problems. The two themes were around meeting structure and distractions. 

3.3 Feature prioritization

To prioritize our feature set, we used the RICE method (Reach, Impact, Confidence, Effort). Prioritizing enabled us to focus on features with the highest impact balanced with the time to develop the said feature.

The exercise resulted in selecting the following solutions:

Healthy nudges

  1. Auto mute (noise-canceling)
  2. Prevent more than two people talking over
  3. Simplify Zoom invite
  4. Audio call handoff/call forwarding
  5. Meeting debrief

Visualize time spent

  1. Countdown timer before breaks
  2. Redesign schedule view
  3. Meeting agenda/topics
  4. Commenting feature but for questions (e.g., Facebook live)
3.4 User flows

We mapped the Zoom workflow to understand user options, inputs, and output.

Simplified workflow
Detailed workflow

4. Design

4.1 Crazy 8’s

We sketched each feature’s look with a minute timer before proceeding with high-fidelity designs.


4.2 Design system

We created a design system in Figma to help speed up new and consistent solution designs.

4.3 Designs
A dashboard to provide stats on time spent in meetings
A redesigned process to schedule meetings, add participants and set an agenda.
A redesigned in-meeting screen with options to minimize distractions, visualize time spent and require 5-minute breaks every 25 minutes.
4.4 Prototype

5. Test

We have not begin testing the prototype.